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A Spa at Midland

I’ve wanted to take the plunge in Midland’s hot mineral baths since I was a kid. Every summer our family would pack the station wagon and take a road trip from Brookings to my father’s childhood home, a ranch north of Philip.

Half an hour before arriving we’d pass Midland, a dusty prairie town whose rooftops were barely visible from the eastern approach. A sign beckoned, “Downtown: HOT Mineral Baths. Stroppel Hotel.” When I asked my parents what a mineral bath was, the answers were vague, something about healthful properties. My grandpa, H.W. “Herb” Pates, once told me he went to the spa to treat his sore old rancher bones.

George Stroppel's healing hands still soothe aches and pains.

Last fall I was planning a pheasant hunt near Pierre and thought I might need such a treatment after a day of walking fields. I searched the Stroppel Hotel online. To my delight I found it still existed, but was renamed the Lava Water Inn.

I dialed the phone number and found George Stroppel. He said he was 86 years old, but he was still a masseuse at the hotel and he remembered my grandpa. I made reservations for a mineral bath and massage.

George told me to meet him at his house next door to the hotel. He cleared the dining room table, poured me a cup of coffee and began telling me the history of the Stroppel Hotel. The story began when his father, John, moved to South Dakota from Iowa in 1907 and homesteaded 19 miles southwest of Midland. In 1914 John married a neighbor girl, Violet. They grew the ranch to 5,000 acres and had five children from 1915 to 1926.

John had a lung ailment since childhood and coughed regularly. He sought relief at a mineral bath, or plunge, in Capa, 10 miles east of Midland. A doctor operated the medicinal plunge that was fed by a well originally dug for railroad steam engines. The water’s supposed curative properties were discovered by accident. One night a local drunk, who also suffered from arthritis, passed out in a ditch full of the warm water. “They say that when he came to, he didn’t ache anymore,” George says.

In the Stroppel Hotel's early years, as many as 75 people a day sought treatment from masseuse John Stroppel.

In 1929 John visited a hot springs mineral bath in Thermopolis, Wyo., and saw potential. He tried to purchase the spa in Capa but couldn’t close a deal, so he looked at the Bastion House in Midland.

The Bastion was built as a roadhouse during the stagecoach era in 1905. The building was moved to town in 1907 because it was too close to the new railroad tracks. In the Dirty Thirties the Bastion’s business declined and it was forfeited to Haakon County due to unpaid taxes. John bought it, hired a well digger and built three plunges. The original well descended 1,780 feet. Under natural pressure, the hot, soft water flowed to the surface at 33 gallons per minute.

In February of 1940, Stroppel began selling mineral baths. The hotel had 20 rooms that rented for 50 cents a night and 75 cents for double occupancy. People suffering a variety of ills would come for a 21-day regimen. Others came regularly for Saturday night baths. Patrons would warm up in the plunge, be wrapped in blankets and lie in a bed for 30 minutes to sweat. John hired a chiropractor to come in and give treatments. But the man drank too much, so John fired him, took a Swedish massage course and discovered a natural talent.

The Stroppel Inn halted train traffic for two hours when it was moved across the tracks in 1907.

Up to 75 people came through daily. The Stroppel was particularly known for treating folks with excess alcohol or tobacco problems. “Dad used to say that it seemed to take the poisons out of their systems,” George says. “My idea was that the heat and dilating blood vessels let the blood through quicker.”

George’s older brother, John “Jack” Stroppel, was a World War II fighter pilot in the South Pacific. Jack came home, took chiropractic training and replaced his father, John, who retired in 1949.

George served as a gunner’s mate on the USS New Jersey and came home from World War II at age 20. He finished high school and married Alice. In 1955 he moved to Pierre to help build the Oahe Dam. In 1958, his father paid George’s tuition for a Swedish massage correspondence course from a school in Chicago. But George was busy building stock dams with a cat-and-scraper business in Philip, and didn’t immediately use the gift.

John died of a heart attack in 1959. Jack stayed until 1966, when he relocated to Rapid City with his wife. George and Alice moved from Philip with their six young children in 1969 to help Violet run the hotel.

George remembers his first, awkward massage. “Mom introduced me to three guys in the lobby,” he recalls. “They were taking baths. They said, ‘You’re Jack’s brother, you ought to be able to give massages.’ I told them no, I could hurt them. They just laughed and finally talked me into it. I felt like I mauled them around like an old bear.” When the men asked for a second massage, George had a new career.

George and Alice bought the place in 1973. George considered updating the hotel but was discouraged by the rising cost of building materials and the declining flow of the well. In 1977 he had a new well drilled. He installed a submersible pump that still runs today, bringing up 20 gallons a minute. The hotel cut back to two plunges and George used some of the water to heat the hotel.

The author begins a treatment with a soak in one of the spa's plunges. The 110-degree water has been used to treat ills from sore muscles to alcoholism.

“People started asking, ‘Does medical insurance cover it?’” George says of the treatment costs. “When I said no, they started saying they had to go somewhere else where they could use the insurance. At that time medical doctors were the only ones that could collect insurance.”

After telling me the Stroppel’s history, George showed me the hotel. Inside its glassed-in, pillared porch is a utilitarian lobby that George says was probably fancy in 1907, but isn’t today. One wall has historic clippings and photographs on various surfaces. The business is operated from a vintage roll-top desk.

Behind it are doorways leading to the “plunges.” Each has a small dressing area, leading to another door that opens to concrete stairs descending into the water. The 8-by-8 foot tanks are four feet deep. Light streaming through glass blocks glows off white fiberglass walls. The hot water pours in from a PVC pipe above the bath surface. A standing pipe “drain” is in the concrete, taking overflow to Mitchell Creek east of town.

The treatment lasts about an hour. Step one is a soothing soak for 15 minutes. The water is about 110 degrees, depending on the weather. George tells me to immerse a shoulder that has been bothering me, and move it around. The charge for the bath is $4. Step two is a 45-minute massage. George employs the Swedish massage method, using techniques he’s honed on countless patients. The massage charge is $40.

In 1998, George and Alice sold the hotel to their oldest daughter, Patricia, and her husband, Reuben Vollmer, a local maintenance man. In 2004, the Vollmers sold it to Jill O’Neill of New Florence, Pennsylvania. The Vollmers managed it for O’Neill until 2012, when they recruited Kathy Jensen of Sioux City, Iowa, to take their place. Jensen’s family owns and runs the Bio-Chi Institute of Massage Therapy in Sioux City. She first visited the hotel in the early 2000s and was intrigued. She now operates the business as the Historic Lava Water Hotel.

George says he isn’t getting rich, but he’ll keep working as long as he’s able and as long as people get results. “Massage takes a lot out of you,” George said. “But it also gives you a lot.” He believes in the healing powers of the bath. “Think of the thousands of people who have come through and gotten help from it,” he says.

About the Author: Mikkel Pates is a Brookings native. He spent 17 years writing ag stories for The Forum of Fargo. He currently writes for the Grand Forks Herald and Agweek.

Editor’s Note: This story is revised from the May/June 2013 issue of South Dakota Magazine. To order a copy or to subscribe, call (800) 456-5117.


04:12 pm - Tue, July 7 2015
Charlene Anderson said:
What a terrific story! You have given me so much more information than I had ever heard from Uncle George or Aunt Alice. I had a spa and massage done by Uncle George in the late 60's. I remember him saying that he had a lot of foreign customers who ordered the water be sent to them, because of the healing properties. I hope you had as much fun visiting with Uncle George as I have on the rare occasions we get to see each other.
01:47 pm - Wed, December 16 2015
Helen Sturdevant Deutsch said:
This brought back so many memories! I knew the Stropple family well. My father owned the Midland Drug Store just down the street from the hotel before he passed away in 1941.
04:36 pm - Mon, April 18 2016
Sheila Page said:
I happened across this treasure while traveling to Dodge City, KS from Williston, ND. I met the new owner, Ms. Vickie Droze. She told me some of this. I wish now, that I had made an apt. for Mr. George's massage. :)
01:33 am - Tue, April 19 2016
Sheri wiechmann said:
34 years ago my little girl suffered from asthma terribly every time it rained she would end up in an oxygen tent in the time we took her to George he massaged her then rotated his hands in front of her and you could see red spots enlarging on her chest pulling the poison hospital!!!! Thank you again George!
06:54 pm - Tue, May 31 2016
Nancy Elrod Britt said:
Have always wanted to come to Midland. My great grandfather is J C Russelll. My dad being his daughter Grace's only child. I am about to retire and want to come and see the folks of Midland. My son came thru a few years ago and was blown away by how welcome he was made by the town once they realized who his great great granddaddy was. This is where my heritage began
10:50 pm - Tue, May 31 2016
Norma Jean Iverson Huhn said:
I am from Murdo, so Dak I was born and raised in So Dak. My dads name was John (AKA) known as Johnny. I remember when I was about 4 yrs old or so that Alice took care of me and my brother a lot, I am not sure but I think she even lived with us for a time. Anyway I remember Alice and George were dateing and George would come to pick up Alice for a date and I would cry and always want to go with them on the date. So they took me with them a lot of the times on their dates. George had these baby type rattle dusks hanging from his rear view mirror on a chain and I was fascinated by them and loved to play with them in the car. I am not sure if George remembers me, but not sure how he can forget I was a little pain. LOL I have not lived in So Dak for many years but still my home. I have been to Midland to the hot baths but not for many yrs now, but someday I plan on stopping in Midland and I hope to see George again and say hi, and I may even get a massage. Thank You for sharing Norma Jean Iverson Huhn
05:50 am - Sat, October 29 2016
This past August we took my aunt Helem Sturdevant Deutsch to be burried. I had always wanted to see where my mother lived as a child
We stopped at the hotel and were so blessed to meet George! He showed pictures of my family and their friends. What a wonderful man! Say Hi to him and tell him thanks!
09:32 am - Thu, January 19 2017
Roberta Sturdevant Scow said:
I am the Granddaughter of John Newton Sturdevant. My father Robert H Sturdevant was adopted by John & Brunette Sturdevant in 1924??. he was born in Huron in 1924. I am trying to find information about my family & history. I would appreciate any information I can get. I would love to talk with George. I know very little about my dads family history.
12:13 pm - Tue, April 18 2017
Howard & Ramona Hanson said:
very interesting, Howard's Dad Joe Hanson & mom Magell Webb Hanson met in SD Magell was from Beaver Dam, WI and her dad Orville Ralph Webb m. Margaret Mckibben Webb bought farm n. Miller, SD 1920's but lost in '30's & moved to Eau Claire, WI --we found Howard's birth in the court house in Miller.
02:13 pm - Thu, May 11 2017
Darrell Spilde said:
I came across this while researching John and Violet Stroppel who were my aunt and uncle. I spent many a happy day in Midland when I was a child during summer vacation. I was born April 18, 1936, on my granfather's ranch ( Winnfield Goodell) near, what was then, Powel, south of Phillip. My daughter and I are hoping to visit the area in a search for "roots) next month in June.. We live in Vancouver, Washington.
04:26 pm - Wed, June 6 2018
Patricia Slocum said:
I was a long haul trucker when I happened to find the Stropple Hotel. At that time I was able to get a bath for three dollars. Just amazing. I felt wonderful and slept so well. I hope one day to get back there again. It took me a long time to find out where this hotel was as my memory had lost the location part.
Love this for sure.
10:33 am - Sun, November 4 2018
charlie.stroppel said:
Thank you for a great article. I am planning to visit soon.
10:53 am - Sat, February 16 2019
Samuel H Anderson said:
I haven't made it back to Midland for many years now. I had scheduled a trip for last spring but it got cancelled last minute. I will try again this spring. It's good to see that the hotel and plunge are still open for business. I wonder about my classmates from time to time. Lawrence Stroppel and I hunted old bottles wherever we could find old dump sites within walking distance from town. Very good place for me to have spent some of the most important years of my life.
03:33 pm - Tue, April 14 2020
Jane smakowitz said:
I happened on the inn while taking a solo cross country trip, New Jersey to montana. I just parked my car and went in from curiosity. What a wonderful stop!
I took the hot bath (no charge) was on my way. That was 16 years ago. Never forgot it.
01:23 am - Sun, November 7 2021
Kamaleshwaran said:
I'm an Indian when I was just browsing on Google maps I saw this wonderful hotel. all those memories you share made me cry, I wish to visit one day.

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